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205

 

THE SUBMARINE FLOTILLA IN HANKO FRONT, PART I

(History of the Hanko Group, T-22005, Military Archives of Finland)

August 1941 to December 1941

- The submarine flotilla was in a guard duty from the beginning of August between Jussarö and Pakri Cape. The submarine Vesihiisi laid an mine field on 1st of August to 2nd of August to the eastern side of Osmussaar. The mining was meant to disturb the enemy naval movement between Paldiski and Hanko. Lieutenant Kijanen commanded the submarine. On 3rd of August the submarine Vetehinen under the command of Lieutenant Pakkala was patrolling in the north-west area of Pakri Cape, where it fired a torpedo against an enemy submarine. No hits however were scored against the enemy. On 5th of August submarine Vesihiisi made a torpedo attack against an enemy transport ship in the north-west area of Pakri Cape. There is no confirmation of the result however.

Lieutenant Commander T. Peltola

205, Picture 1

- Picture showing the road and a one of the many pits, which are dugout remains. These remains are right next to the road. I would assume that the pit has been once covered with logs, because at least in some of them, some remains from the logs could be seen. The distance to the next pit is not great, but it's a bit outside from the picture.

205, Picture 2

- Adolf Molnár an Austrian volunteer mentions this area in his book: Teasing the encirclement of Hanko. In the chapter Kamsholm on fire, he mentions that they were being moved to reserve in the hutment of Gyttjeviken. These remains are located very close to Gyttjeviken and the distance is no more than a 500 meters. So most likely this area contained the reserve area for the troops, where Molnar also stayed for a short while.

205, Picture 3

- The forest contains several remains from foundations. These can be seen from the road, especially during the autumn. This particular foundation forms a very large rectangle, making it possible that this is a remains from a storage or accommodation hut. In the fortification plan from 1940 there is a tactical map symbol showing a dugout, which can protect from shrapnel. This would seem to be a very correct, as there is several dugout remains in the area, which are partly underground.

205, Picture 4

- The nearby hill offers excellent view towards Hanko.

205, Picture 5

- More remains.

Dugout for a horse

- This picture might have been taken at this very same location. At least the way that the structures in the above picture have been built would suit to the location of structure 205. On top of the hill is the barracks and below that a dugout for a horse. Today you can find the empty pits right next to the road and climbing to the hill, you will find those stone foundations. (Picture: The Finnish Defence Forces. Published 1942 in a book Hangö Belägras)

205, Picture 6

- A clear entrance is still visible to these constructions, facing towards the road.

205, Picture 7

- One of the several pits right next to the road.

205, Picture 8

- A large dugout remains very close to the structure 234.

205, Picture 9

- View from the nearby hill. If it would have not been such a foggy day, we perhaps could have observed the area quite far away. 

205, Picture 10

- The road, which goes in the forest. The pits which I assume are remains from a dugouts, are located next to this road.

205, Picture 11

- While climbing on top of a very high hill right next to the foundations, which were shown in the previous pictures, we found some remains from a stone structure, which could be the remains from an observation and fire control position.

205, Picture 12

- In any case, someone has built a rather large stone circle on top of the hill, from which you could have easily observed any activity in the area of Hanko. The view from the hill is probably the best you can get in the area. The tactical map symbol shows a machine gun nest, but without the red arrow, which would indicate the firing direction. Instead I would assume, that the fire control and observation position was just marked differently to the map. The other locations where a similar stone structure is visible in the terrain, shows the regular observation and fire control nest symbol on the map.

205, Picture 13

- The structure seen from the front. When walking here, no one can really miss these, as the construction is a very eye catching. Behind of the position, you can see the modern day wooden construction, which has been a mark for the aerial mappings. Usually build to an open and high places.

205, Picture 14

- The shape of the structure is rather easy to spot and recognize in the forest.

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Copyright © 2005, 2006 Kimmo Nummela